Diabetes is a serious disease that affects how the body uses glucose, the main type of sugar in the blood. Glucose comes from the foods people eat and is the major source of energy needed to fuel the body's functions. It is a metabolic disease requiring medical diagnosis, treatment, and lifestyle changes.
The three major categories of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to serious complications from high glucose levels, including blindness, kidney disease, and nerve damage, as well as vascular disease that can lead to amputations, heart disease, and stroke. Gestational diabetes is temporary, only lasting through pregnancy, however gestational diabetes places a woman at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes at some later time in her life.
Pre-diabetes describes an increasingly common condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but are not high enough to be considered diabetes. Research supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has shown that most people with this condition go on to develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years unless they make changes in their diet and level of physical activity, which can help them reduce their risks and avoid the debilitating disease. Prediabetes Facts
As of 2011, the CDC estimates that about 8.3% of the U.S. population or 25.8 million people have diabetes. Of those cases, 18.8 million people have been diagnosed and another 7.0 million people with diabetes have not yet been diagnosed. It is further estimated that 35% of U.S. adults aged 20 years or older have prediabetes. 2011 Factsheet
The Idaho Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, IDPCP, strives to promote clinical standards of care, reaching disparate population, promote wellness linkages, and reduce the risk of diabetes. This is done through four objectives:
Foot Exams, Risk Assessment, and Professional Training
Increasing dilated eye exams to prevent diabetic eye disease